GLOSSARY OF TERMS F

A  -  B C D E F  -  G H I J K L M

N O P Q R S T  -  U V W X Y Z

4G (fourth-generation wireless) - The stage of broadband mobile communications that will follow the still-burgeoning 3G. One distinction of 4G over 3G communications is increased data transmission rates, just as it is for 3G over 2G and 2.5G. 4G also is expected to provide universal access and device portability by allowing different wireless networks to interoperate. Facility - 1. A fixed, mobile, or transportable structure, including all installed electrical and electronic wiring, cabling, and equipment and all supporting structures, such as utility, ground network, and electrical supporting structures. 2. A network-provided service to users or the network operating administration. 3. A transmission pathway and associated equipment. 4. A real property entity consisting of one or more of the following: a building, a structure, a utility system, pavement, and underlying land. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) - The U.S. Government board of five presidential appointees that has the authority to regulate all non-Federal Government interstate telecommunications (including radio and television broadcasting) as well as all international communications that originate or terminate in the United States. Note: Similar authority for regulation of Federal Government telecommunications is vested in the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA). Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) - An independent federal agency with more than 2,600 full time employees. They work at FEMA headquarters in Washington D.C., at regional and area offices across the country, at the Mount Weather Emergency Operations Center and at the FEMA training center in Emmitsburg, Maryland. FEMA also has nearly 4,000 standby disaster assistance employees who are available to help out after disasters. Often FEMA works in partnership with other organizations that are part of the nation's emergency management system. These partners include state and local emergency management agencies, 27 federal agencies and American Red Cross. Federal-State Joint Board - An ad hoc advisory panel established by the FCC and composed of commissioners representing state and federal jurisdictions. Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI) - A set of ANSI protocols for sending digital data over fiber optic cable. FDDI networks are token-passing networks, and support data rates of up to 100 Mbps (100 million bits) per second. FDDI networks are typically used as backbones for wide-area networks. Fiber Optics - A method for the transmission of information (sound, video, data) in which light is modulated and transmitted over high-purity, hair-thin filaments of glass. The bandwidth capacity of fiber optic cable is much greater than that of copper wire. Flat Rate Service - A method of pricing in which a fixed rate is charged for a given services, regardless of usage. Example: The fixed monthly charge which a residential subscriber in a local exchange pays to be allowed to make an unlimited number of local calls. Footprint - The area in which a specific transmission can be received. Some footprints cover as much as one-third of the earth, such a satellite or cell systems. Frame Relay - Form of packet switching that employs statistical multiplexing over a shared network, intended for use between intelligent end-points and implemented over high-quality transmission facilities that connect programmable switches. The end-points are responsible for end-to-end integrity. Frequency - A measurement of the number of electromagnetic waves that pass a given point in a given time period. Equal to the speed of light divided by wavelengths, and expressed in Hertz (cycles per second).

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